Mohiniattam is one of the most elegant classical dances of India that originated from Kerala.I It is also spelled as Mohinyattam. The other famous classical dance of Kerala is Kathakali. The word Mohiniattam is derived from the word Mohini which means female avatar of lord Vishnu.
Mohiniattam is solo dance performed by women in most seductive and graceful way after extensive training. Of late even group dance is also performed. The music is usually Carnatic music with the dancer herself singing or vocalists sings for her. Like Bharatanatyam Mohiniattam also include seven elements like Cholkittu, Varnam, jatiswaram, padam and Tilana, Shlokam and Saptam. Usually the music is the mixture of Malayalam and Sanskrit language called as Maniparvala. This dance includes Lasya style of dancing done very gracefully.
Mohiniattam also has its roots in Natya shastra written by Baratha Muni. It is a hindu text which deals with performing arts. During British period all the dances had a great downfall. However around 1930 Vallathol Narayana Menon helped to revive the dance after taking out the ban on temple dancing in Kerala.
The theme of the dance includes love and
devotion to God especially lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna. It is quiet similar to
Bharatanatyam and Kathakali. The important postures include wide feet with bent
knees protruding outwards. The dance includes Nritta and Nrithya. Nritta form of dance is rhythmic which appears
at the beginning and at the end of dance form. In this the dancer tries to send
a spiritual message to the viewers. In Nritya the dancers expresses the
feelings and emotions silently with hand and facial expressions and body
motions. Even this dance form has various mudras which are expressed in Hasta
costume includes a white kasavu saree with golden border with a white blouse
and golden border to it. The saree has lot of pleats in the front which helps
the dancers in foot movement and also gives a beautiful design on the saree.
The hair is tied like a bun on the left side of the body with lot of flowers
surrounding the bun. The dancers wear simple jewellery and make up. The
jewelleries that are worn by the dancers include waistband, bangles, necklace
and anklets. The fingers of hands and
legs are dyed with mehndi or red colour dye. The basic movement includes hands
and foot movement. The basic posture includes sitting half with knee bent
The instruments used in Mohiniattam include Mridangham, Idakka, Flute, Violin, Veena and Cymbals. There are four groups in Mohiniattam they are Taganam, Jaganam, Dhaganam and Sammmisram. The music is in Carnatic style. The song is called as Manipravalam which is a mixture of Sanskrit, Malayalam and Tamil language.
famous dancers include Sunanda Nair, Pallavi Krishan, Radha Dutta, Kalyani
Kuttiamma Bharti Shivaji and many more