Nahargarh Fort in Jaipur is
another famous tourist place in along with Amer fort and Jaigarh fort, Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Jantar Mantar
Built in the year 1734 by maharaja Sawai Jai Singh-II who founded Jaipur is
located on Aravalli Hills. The original name of the fort was Sudhashangarh
however later it was renamed as Nahargarh which means ‘Abode of tigers’. It is
believed that the spirit of Nahar Singh Bhomia abstructed the construction of
the fort, hence to pacify the spirit a temple was built in his name inside the
fort. Later on Nahargarh Fort was also named as Nahargarh.
The Nahargarh Fort is
built in the Indo European architecture. One can have a magnificent look of the
Jaipur city from the fort. The Nahargarh Fort also comprises of Biological Park which has
some beautiful flora and fauna. The fort got further extended in the year 1868
by Sawai Ram Singh. Sawai Madhao Singh built Madhavendra Bhavan which consists
of suites for king and queens. ‘Zenana’ which is a royal quarters for queens
was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh 2. The beauty of ‘Zenana’ is worth viewing.
There is also ‘Mardhana Mahal’ constructed for royal men which was used for
massaging. This fort was never been attacked during war times but however it
saw some major treaties taking place like treaties with Maratha forces and it
was also used as shelter by many British royals during the sepoy mutiny in 1857.
Jaigarh fort: Jaipur has three famous forts Amer Fort, Nahargarh Fort and
Jaigarh Fort. Jaigarh fort was built by
Jai Singh-II in 1728. It was mainly
built to protect the Amer Fort. Located on a cliff called as ‘Cheel Ka Teela’
of Aravalli Hills, one can have a beautiful scene of Jaipur, Amer Fort and the
Moata Lake. The brain behind this fort is Vidyadhar. The fort was also used as a storing house of
bullets and other arms. Due to the presence of large arms and ammunitions the
fort became one of the cannon foundries during Mughal period. This was guarded
by Dara Shikoh. But later after Aurangzeb defeated Shikoh it came under the
direct control of Jai Singh-II as per the orders of Muhammed Shah. The fort has
a largest cannon called as Jaivana. Weighing around 50 tonnes it is believed
the largest cannon on wheels.
The fort is highly fortified with thick walls built by red sandstone. Inside the fort one can have a look at Laxmi Vilas, Lalit Mandir, Vilas Mandir, Aram Mandir, armoury (this has a huge display of arms, like swords, shields, guns that were used during war times) and museum (displays paintings and photography of royal family, stamps and many artefacts that were used during the maharaja’s period). Both the Jaigarh fort and the Amer fort are interconnected and are considered as one complex. The fort is built on Indo- Persian style with huge walls being plastered with lime mortor. The fort consists of two temples one is Kal Bhairav temple built in 12th century and the other is Ram Harihar temple built in 10th century. To prevent water scarcity in the fort, large underground water tanks are built which has a capacity to store up to 6 million gallons. The fort is open from 9:30 am to 5pm. Photography is allowed at all forts. Best time to visit if from October-March when Rajasthan experience pleasant climate.
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