Back to Back Issues Page Newsletter, Issue #006
February 22, 2021

Geography of India


Indo Gangetic plain is one of the fertile and largest plains covering the northern region of India. It is also known as the Indus Ganga Plain or the North Indian plain. This fertile plain is named after the two main rivers namely Indus and Ganga. The plain is thickly populated because of the fertile land which helps in farming and agriculture.

India lies on the Indian Plate. Indian Plate is a tectonic Plate which was originally a part of Gondwana. After Indian Plate broke from Gondwana it started to move north about 100 million years ago. The Indian plate started moving north and fused with Australia Plate to form a single Indo Australian plate. The collision of the plate with the Eurasian plate led to the formation of lofty Himalayas.

Also the collision with the Eurasian plate along the border of India and Nepal formed the orogenic belt which formed the Tibetean Plateau and Himalayan Mountains. Recent studies suggest that the Indo Australian plate may have broken into many smaller plates due to the collision with the Eurasia Plate.

Due to the continuous rapid erosion of Himalayas there was a lot of accumulation of sediments which were carried by the mountain streams to different zones.

Interesting facts about geography of India

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