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Indian Music

Indian Music: Music soothes the mind of a person. It plays a very important role in human life. When a person is depressed or happy he prefers to listens to music. Music existed from time immemorial.  Amir Khusroa a great sufi musician, poet was present in 13th century. Like him even Tansen the famous Hindustani musician was present in 15th and 16th century. From this we can say that music is immortal and immemorial.

Indian Music

There are two main schools of music that are Carnatic music of South India and Hindustani music of North India. Carnatic music developed mainly in the Southern states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.  The main difference between Carnatic music and Hindustani Music is that Carnatic music emerged from Hindu traditions were as Hindustani music emerged from the blend of Persian and Islamic influence in North India. Some of the famous Carnatic musicians include Annamaya who is the first composer in Carnatic music.  Indian music is present from Vedic period. Other than Carnatic and Hindustani music Indian music include Folk music, Indian rock music, and Pop music.

Different types of Indian music

Carnatic music is one of the oldest music in India. Carnatic music is predominantly belongs to South Indian states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh. Puranadara Dasa who belonged to Karnataka is called as Father of Carnatic music. His song composition is mostly in Kannada while very few are in Sanskrit. Purandara dasa codified the beginners lessons and laid foundation syllabus for learning Carnatic music

Hindustani music: One of the oldest music system that originated in Northern part of India. It is an Indian classical music that was present during 13th and 14th century. If Carnatic music is classical music tradition of southern part of India Hindustani is the classical music tradition of Northern part of India. These two music are the base for Indian classical music. Hindustani music is based on raga while the Carnatic music is based on composition.

Indian Folk music: India is a land of different cultures and diversities. Folk music of India is unique and world famous. Usually folk music is sung in a gathering and during happiness or festivals or for some other celebrations. Even with the different varieties in music like pop, rock music still folk music holds its own unique place in everybody’s heart. Folk music, tribal music and Carnatic music completely differ from one another. Each region has its own folk music.

Ghazals: Ghazal is a poetic form that originated in Arab around 7th century AD. It is mainly famous in India and Pakistan. However now it is more famous as a Urdu song sung by some eminent gazal singers like Jagit Singh, Gulam Ali and many more. Lyrics are given the utmost importance in Ghazal.

Hindustani Gharanas: Gharanas means Ghar or house. it is a place for learning music from different schools. These schools have their own mode of teaching and each school has its own rules. The teaching and even the performance of each school differ. The singers take the pride of saying to which school they belong to. A gharana can take the name of a place, person.

Indian musical instruments: There are various musical instruments which has lot of importance in music. There are various types as well like string instruments, drums, wind instruments and vibrating instruments called as idiophone. Some important instruments are Veena, Ghatam, Mridangam, Tabla, Sarangi, Sitar, Shehnai, Harmonium, Flute, Pungi or Been.

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