Last updated on 17-02-2020
Tourism in India:
India is a vast country with rich culture and heritage spread across the country. India is bestowed with one of the pristine and ravishing natural landscape as varied as mighty Himalayas to deserts in Rajasthan thick virgin forests which are home to Royal Bengal tiger to the River basins of mighty Ganges on the banks of which many holy places such as Varanasi, Haridwar, Rishikesh are located, long coastal lines along the east and the west coast of India to backwaters of Allepy in Kerala.
India is also well known for its ancient temples and
monuments with breath taking architecture built many centuries ago. India also has many world heritage sites like Agra Fort, Taj Mahal,
Kaziranga National park, Fathepur sikri, Group of temples in Hampi, Elephanta
caves, Humayun’s tomb, Qutub Minar and many more.
Tourism is important for any country for the economic growth of that country. India is slowly and steadily becoming one of the hotspot destinations across the world. In 2017 India stood seventh among all the Asian countries in the world in terms of tourism and 40th among 136 countries. India was also ranked 32nd in terms of good air transport, 29th in terms of good infrastructure and 9th in terms of natural resources. Tourism department employs large number of employees thus also giving employment to the needy.
To promote tourism in India, the government of India in the year 2002 termed international tourism as incredible India. The main aim of this policy was to portray and promote India in the international tourism market by showcasing various aspects of Indian culture, important tourist’s destinations, palaces, yoga and history. Again in the year 2008 the government of India launched another campaign called as Athithidevo Bhava which means Guests are like God. This campaign was for the Indians to treat the guests with great respect, good behaviour while dealing with foreign tourists.
Even though India was subject to various invasions in
the past still it has retained it’s culture and people of religions like
Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism Islam and Christianity still stay together and
celebrate all the festivals of all religions with great enthusiasm and love.
India is located on the Indian plate which is formed on the tectonic plate that was split from the Gondwanaland. It is the seventh largest country in the world with the area of 3,287,263 square kilometres. It is also the second largest populated country in the world. It is surrounded by Arabian sea on the west, Bay of Bengal to the east, Lakshadweep sea to the south west and Indian Ocean to the South.
The northern border of India is supported by the huge Himalayas. It acts as a barrier to India from other countries like China, Butan, Pakistan, and Nepal. K2 in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is the highest point in India. To the southern part of India which is the Deccan plateau have major states like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana. The Deccan plateau is supported by a huge coastline towards the east and west which is known as Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.
The thar desert which is also known as great Indian
desert is located on the north western part of India in state of Rajasthan.
India has 29 states and nine union territories along with national capital
territory Delhi. The two major islands of India are Lakshadweep and Andaman and
Nicobar Islands which is located in the southern part of India. They are
classified as union territories. The North east part of which has states like
Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Assam, Sikkim, Nagaland, Tripura and Manipur are
popularly known as seven sister states are one of the most beautiful places in
India. India is filled with many big rivers among them is Ganga is the longest
river in India. The Ganga Brahmaputra basin covers north, central and eastern
India and Deccan plateau occupies Southern India.
There are many places of interest with adventurous sports which attract many tourists worldwide to India. From mighty Himalayans to beautiful beaches of Goa and rough rivers India provides many such destinations for adventurous sports. Following are some of the destinations:
1. Skiing in Gulmarg, Manali, Narkanda
2. River rafting in Rishikesh, River Indus in Ladakh, Teesta river in Sikkim, Darjeeling.
3. Rock climbing Sar Pass in Himachal Pradesh, Savandurga in Karnataka
4. Trekking at Kumara Parvatha in Karnataka, Valley of
Flowers in Uttarakhand, Dzongri Trek in West Sikkim.
are many famous beaches in India. Perfect places to enjoy the sun and
water. Some of the important beaches in
India are Chowrad Beach, Somnath beach in Gujarat, Alibhag beach, Divegar beach, Juhu beach in
Maharastra Anjuna Beach, Baga beach, Colva beach in Goa, Allepey Beach, kovalam
Beach in Kerala, Marina beach, Elliots
beach in Chennai
India has places of worship/ pilgrimage catering to all religions. India is a land of holy places and holy rivers.
For Hindu religion there are many such famous destinations. The char dham in North (Gangotri,Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath) in Uttarakhand. Some famous temples in Rameshwarm, Varanasi, Vaishno Devi temple, Balaji temple in Tirumala, Mantralayam, Ayodhya, Shirdi Sai Baba, Dwarka many more. There are many religious congregations of people such as Kumbh Mela or Godavari Puskar or Krishna Pushkara etc.
For Sikhs the key places of worship are Golden temple in Amritsar and Hemkund Sahib in Uttarakand.
For Jains the key religious place of worship is
Shravana Belagola in Karnataka
For those who love wild life, India has plenty to
offer. India is the home for many world famous bird sanctuaries as well
as national parks. India is a home to many animals like apes, Asiatic
lions, tigers, one horn Rhino, different varieties of Deer’s. Some
national parks are: Nilgiri biosphere Reserve, Mudumalai National park,
Bandipur National park, Nagarhole National park, Satyamangalam reserve forest,
silent valley, Wayanad national park, Mukurthi National park. Along with these
one must not forget to visit Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats. The wild life
sanctuaries in Western Ghats are just breath taking.
One can plan a state wide visit to India. Every state
has huge tourists attraction in it. It can be India’s capital, Delhi or the
south Indian state Karnataka. it can also be the desert state Rajasthan or the
Beach state Goa or even Andaman and Nicobar Islands. If you are planning to visit Rajasthan then the best time is
October to February and plan to visit places like Amer Fort, city palace, Hawa
Mahal, Jaisalmer fort, Nahargarh fort, Patwon ki haveli, Jaipur, Jantar Mantar, Jaisalmer,
and many more.
Delhi is a very historical place. Even now we can see
many monuments built during Mughals and British. It is also famous for shopping
places like Connaught place, Sarojini nagar market, Chandni Chowk, Karol Bagh and
many more. It has many tourists places like Humayun tomb, Qutub Minar, Rashtrapati
Bhavan, Red fort, Safdarjung tomb, Tughlaq fort, Jantar Mantar, Lajpat nagar
market, Lodi garden, Lotus temple, India Gate. Before one can plan to visit Delhi
it is good to known the climate of Delhi, Hotels and hospitals in Delhi and
embassies in Delhi so that one can enjoy there stay in Delhi.
Karnataka is another
important tourists state in India. It is in the southern part of India. The
state has many historical places like Badami, Aihole, Pattadkal, Hampi, Belur,
Halebidu and Bijapur. The state has many Hill stations as well like Agumbe,
Coorg, Kudremukh, Kemmangundi, Madikeri and many more. The state also has many temples like Kukke
Subramanya, Dharmasthala, Udupi, Nanjangud, Talakadu, Gokarna wild life
sanctuaries. Some of the famous forts in Karnataka are Chitradurga fort, Bellary
fort, basavakalyana fort, Gulbarga fort, Belgaum fort, Bijapur fort and Bidar
fort. The world famous Mysore palace is located in Mysore district of
Karnataka. Another palace in Mysore where Wodeyars stayed during the reconstruction
of Mysore palace is the Jaganmohan palace.
Kerala is situated on the tropical Malabar Coast of south western India. It is a narrow coastal strip that passes through Western Ghats and reaches the Arabian Sea. Kerala is known for lush green vegetation, beaches, backwaters, spices, mountains, coconuts and art forms like Mohiniattam and Kathakali.
formed on 1st November 1956 after State Reorganisation act was
implemented. The state is spread over an area of 38,863 km2 bordering
Tamil Nadu to the east and south and Karnataka to north and north east and
Lakshadweep Sea to the west.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the
beautiful island which comprises of around 570 islands is a Union territory of
India. It is a group of islands covering an area of 8,073sqkm is at the
juncture of Bay of Bengal and Andaman sea. Port Blair is the capital of the
territory. The Andaman and Nicobar islands are separated by 150 Km wide Ten
Degree Channel. Andaman lies to the north of the latitude and Nicobar lies to
the South with Bay of Bengal lying towards west and Andaman to the east. Tourism
is the major industry in Andaman and Nicobar islands due to the presence of
Lakshadweep Islands is one of the most beautiful islands situated some
400 km off India’s west coast in Arabian Sea. It is the Union territory of
India and was formerly known as Laccadive, Minicoy and Aminidivi Islands. It is
an archipelago (extensive group of Islands) consisting of 36 islands with an
area of 36 sq km. Kavaratti is the capital of Union territory Lakshadweep and
the district comes under Kerala High Court Jurisdiction. The sun kissed serene
island makes it a must visit place in India.
India is known for its
astounding and stunning forts and temples. These were built during the pre
British era. The forts and monuments built by Moghuls and other famous dynasties are mind blowing and are
world famous even today. The famous temples built during chola’s and chalukya’s
depict the intelligence and architecture during that period.
One of the most important documents
required to any country is visa. It is not difficult to get tourists visa to
any country. The citizens of any country can apply to visa by visiting the
local Indian embassy in their country and apply for visa. Now India has made
simpler and have implemented 40 countries to apply visa through online. In 2014
to further ease visa and to boost tourism government of India implemented visa
on arrival at a designated international airports by obtaining ‘Electronic
Travel Authorisation’ online before arriving by not visiting any consulate. In
2015 the same scheme visa on arrival was named as e tourist to avoid any
confusion. The tourists who plan to visit India and if their country fall in e
Tourists then they can apply online on a secure Government of India website
atleast four to thirty days before travel date to avoid any confusion. Ones
approved the person can take a printout of it and carry to India and travel to
any part of India. E tourists visa was further expanded to 113 countries in the
year 2015. The designated airports and seaports are
Bagdogra, Bengaluru, Bhuvaneshvar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi,
Gaya, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozikode, Lucknow,
Madurai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Port Blair, Thiruvananthapuram,
Tiruchirappalli, Varanasi, Visakhapatnam, Cochin, Goa and Mangalore.
E visa is available for the following countries:
Albania, Andorra, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon Union Republic, Canada, Cape Verde, Cayman Island, Chile, China, China- SAR Hongkong, China- SAR Macau, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'lvoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger Republic, Niue Island, Norway, Oman, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal , Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos Island, Tuvalu, UAE, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City-Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
After the introduction of
the new policy of E tourists visa the tourism jumped to 58,000 in 2015 as
compared to 3,000 in 2014. It is further increasing every year with the ease of
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