is another important Dynasty that ruled South India especially Karnataka from
10th to 14th century. Hoysala’s made Belur as capital in
the beginning and later shifted it to Halebidu. They were basically from Malnad
Karnataka. Hoysala rulers were famous for their strength and courage. According to reports available Hoysala Dynasty got its
name from a young boy ‘Sala’. Sala
meaning ‘strike’ was a young boy who was asked to kill a tiger by his Guru
Sudatta Muni. The duo was performing rituals at Vasantha Parameshwari temple in
Sasakapura. At that time a tiger
attacked on them on seeing the tiger attacking them, Sala gave a big blow to
tiger which got killed immediately. On seeing the bravery of Sala his guru
ordered him to start a new Kingdom. This is how this dynasty started and got its
name. At the time Hoysala Dynasty started two stronger Dynasty Chalukya’s and
Chola’s were already deep rooted in Southern part of India. To uproot Chola's,
Hoyasla joined hands with Gangas and defeated Chola's and later built their own
empire on Malnad region. In 11th
century they made Dwarasamudra as capital which is now Halebiddu.
King VishnuVardhan was a great King of Hoysala dynasty and ascended the throne after the death of his brother Veera Ballala. King VishnuVardhan who reigned from 1102- 152 won many territories from Kadambas, Chalukya’s, and Cholas. He defeated Cholas in Talakadu. Under his able leadership, he won many Kingdoms like Nilgiri, Changalvas, Allapas of Tulunadu. From South VishnuVardhan moved to North to defeat Chalukya's at Kannegala at Hangal and Banavasi. By 1122 he moved to Krishna River and was defeated by Sind chief Achugi. With strong army power by Hoysala they were able to defeat many strong dynasties. The other powerful rulers of this dynasty are Veera Ballala 2 and Veera Ballala 3.
style of administration is similar to that of Chalukya’s. The Kingdom was
mainly supported by the revenues from the agriculture. Even they divided the Kingdom into Nadus,
Kampanas, Vishayas and Deshas. King was the overall head and those who were
head of small province were called as Nadus. He reported to Mahapradhan of all
the activities and problems of his
province. Mahapradhan was the minister and headed the local body. The person
who took control of civil and military functions was called as Pattanaswami.
Hinduism along with Jainism and Buddhism. This can be witnessed in
Shravanbelogola kambadahalli huge Jain monuments. The other major Hindu
scholars like Madhvacharya, Basavanna and Ramanujacharya initiated major
campaigns during Hoysala period.
Art and Architecture.
Like Chola’s and Chalukya’s Hoysala were famous for
building huge breath taking temples all along Belur and Halebidu. One of the
major temple built in Belur was Kesava temple that was built to commerarate the
victory over Chola’s in Talkkad. The Kesava temple at Belur erected
in AD 1117, even without its super-structure reveals a conception of exquisite beauty and
intelligence of Hoysala’s . Some of the most acclaimed sculptures of the temple
are the bracket figures, called madanakais in the Kannada language of the
region, which are placed beneath the overhanging roof of the mandapa. The
interior of the temple is as rich and ornate as the exterior of the temple.
Each pillar is finely carved with different styles of dance forms. Another
important Shiva temple built in Halebidu has two identical temples built on a
single large platform. Architects’
sculptors, goldsmith and other skilled craftsmen who were directly or
indirectly related to temple
construction were also prosperous. The
Hoysala have built many temples. Some famous temples are Chennakesava temple of
Belur is one such example. Few others are Hoysaleswara temple at Halebidu, less
a temple at Somanthapura.
Kings of Hoysala:
With strong power of Vijaynagar empire and weak rulers Hoysala dynasty slowly faded.