City-Palace in Jaipur lies on the banks of
Pichola Lake, which lies in the heart of the city. The palace complex includes
courtyards, gardens, museums and buildings. The city palace like Hawa Mahal is another important tourist destination in Jaipur, Rajasthan The city palace includes Chandra
Mahal and Mubarak Mahal. The huge palace was built by Sawai Jai Singh-II
between 1729 - 1732. Sawai Jai Singh
ruled Amber and decided to build huge wall all around the city palace to
protect the city as well as to act as control the entry and exit of the traders
in and out of the city and also to deal with water shortage problem in Amber. Further rulers added further additions to the
palace to beautify the palace. Built in the Hindu Rajput and Mughal style, the
city palace includes Diwan I Khas, Diwan I Aam, Maharani palace, Govindiji
temple. City palace used to be the seat
of Maharaja of Jaipur. Good part of this
palace still is serving as a royal residence.
The Palace has mainly
three gateways with highly decorated entrance doors. The three main gateways
are Udit Pol, Virendra Pol and Tripolia gate. The Tripolia gate is reserved for
the royal family who are still residing in the palace. The tourists and the
visitors can visit the palace only through Udit Pol and Virendra Pol
This was built during 19th century by Maharaja Madho Singh-II. This Mahal is a blend of Rajput and Islamic architecture. There is a museum in the Mahal which displays the dresses worn by Sawai Madho Singh-II. It is a large Haveli within city palace with spacious rooms and reception Hall. This Mahal is also known as ‘auspicious palace’.
Chandra Mahal or Chandra Niwas is
on the western side of the city palace. It consists of seven storied citadel
which gives a mesmerizing view of the city. Every floor has different names
given to it like Sukh Niwas, Pitam Niwas, Rang Mandir and many more. The Mahal
is beautifully decorated with mirrors, beautiful paintings and floral
decorations. Every door is also very
well decorated. There is a huge peacock gate at the entrance of the Mahal. As
the descendants of the Maharaja’s still residing in the palace, only first
floor of the palace is allowed for the visitors. It mainly consists of museum,
paintings. Rang Mandir is on the third floor and the Shobha Niwas is on the
fourth floor. On the 6th floor is the Chandra Mahal where the flag of
the royal family is being displayed. The seventh floor consists of Mukut
Pitam Niwas Chowk: As one further move inside the Chandra Mahal, they reach the inner courtyard called as Pitam Niwas Chowk. It has four gates, each gate depicting the four season and about the Hindu Dieties. the four gates are
Northeast Peacock gate which symbolises the autumn and dedicated to lord Vishnu
Southwest lotus gate which is petal form represents summer and dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati.
Northwest green gate also known as waves or Lehariya represents arrival of Spring and dedicated to Lord Ganesha.
Rose Gate represents winter and is dedicated to Goddess Devi.
Diwan I khas: This was for private audience of the Maharaja. Dazzling with red and golden colours, this is one of the main attractions of Mubarak Mahal. The architecture is just worth watching. At present it is turned into a art gallery with rich display of paintings of Rajputs and Islam. Royal throne is also displayed in the art gallery.
Diwan E Aam: This is a place where public meetings and gatherings were held by the Maharaja. Situated between armoury and art gallery, this is one of the most important places of the Mahal. Two huge silver vessels with a length of 1.6m in height have been displayed here. These vessels were especially made to carry Ganga water for drinking during maharaja’s travel to different places.
Maharani palace: This place in the city palace was for the royal ladies. Now this has been turned into a museum where the weapons used during the war times by the royals are being displaced. The ceiling of this palace is studded with precious and semi precious stones.
Govindji temple: Built in 18th
century the city palace has a temple for Lord Krishna. It is surrounded by
beautiful garden all around. The God is worshipped seven times in a day. The
temple had a direct view from Chandra Mahal for Maharaja and other royal
dignitaries. The ceiling is adorned with gold cover.
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